In charge of bringing the excess of water or the lack of it, nights of frost, storms, winds, floods.
Here, where I live and cultivate my vegetable garden, in the Central Plateau, the city that inherited the greatest legacy of Burle Marx – its forests and gardens – the ipês flourish, bringing the insects the last refuge of nectar. Brasília vibrates with each blooming, in exuberant flowerbeds, scattered throughout the city, in ipês canopies, of all colours, and also in panniers and flamboyants.
For insects, bees and hummingbirds, drought sets in from May to October. The humidity of the air becomes intolerable. Children are spared from doing sports in schools, headaches arise for lack of water and the raindrops are so passing that some evaporate before they even reach the ground. At this time, the trees keep in the sap of their trunks the last reserve of autumn rains.
Some rains, however, last a few hours or minutes in the centre of the country, while in other regions, people say about the cold, which came to stay.
The trees with their long roots can make their reserves, but in the garden, another story happens. The winter cover at this point has already fallen apart (decomposed by the action of the sun). The dry land gradually swallows the heroine plants that resisted, tiny bags, tagetes and aromatic herbs, with burnt leaves of strong sunlight, waiting for better days to sow their seeds. The newly germinated spinach feet, with the arrival of cool nights, await the return of the waters of October, November and December to extend their branches.
However, if you live in regions where the intensity of the rains increases at this time of the year and temperatures fall, forming burns on vegetables, honey the vegetables with rot and excess moisture, only placing plastics to avoid excess water. You can try to protect them with palm leaves so that they do not burn. With the large temperature ranges (extremes of temperature on the same day, that is, very cold in the morning and very hot during the day, for example), the crisis is installed in the garden by drowning plants and leaching the soil (washing).
Watering less is necessary, covering the beds with plastics and piling up the soil next to the roots of newly-germinated plants and ensuring their development is the best option. Already in the dry season, the recommendation is to plant in semi-shade seedlings and irrigate daily so as not to lose all the organic fertilization work done previously.
Without humility and dead cover, the worms and their eggs end up dying, as well as the vast network of active microorganisms that ferment the organic compounds, fertilizing the soil. If they are not covered and protected from the sun, with plenty of straw and moist twice a day, they will burn themselves by the action of the sun’s rays, leaving the soil bare and sterile.
This is the best time of the year to clear the bush, soften the soil, improving its structure and drainage. It is also a good time to correct the soil and apply ashes and minerals, such as bone meal, fish meal and even magnesium if your camellias are miscarrying the flowers.
The time is still ideal for sowing roots and flowers when the rainy season comes. How about sowing carrots, beets, radishes, turnips and cabbages in your garden so that the flowers can attract butterflies, bees and hummingbirds? Or how about embroidery the flower beds to receive the insects in the spring?