The important thing is to face this fight as a daily task, tracking their steps and preventing their advancement.
If you don’t know who attacks your garden at night, you can make a trap to find out. You can use that cardboard tube that you despise when you finish the paper towel or a good sheet of newspaper rolled up like a long straw. They form the perfect place to attract some of these animals. Just put them close to the ground in damp, vegetated places to attract their dark inhabitants. But before placing them on the ground, put two small rubber bands on the ends of the tube to keep them wrapped after they’ve been wet because when the time comes to remove them, they can fall apart.
Leave them for a week and start watching if there is any movement around or inside them. Be careful when making this observation, be equipped with long tweezers, gloves and glass jars to capture “scary creatures” and if you are accompanied by children, take a deep breath so you don’t scream: remember, fear is transferred as an example.
Do a short study on each animal you encounter. Some, although poisonous, are important predators of other insects and can be relocated to places where they will not bother. It is up to you to determine the control of the situation.
Seals, for example, like the one in the image below, are predators of caterpillars, beetles and cockroaches. They live in rotten bark, cracks in walls and rocks, and go out at night to hunt.
To begin with, differentiate between insects (three pairs of legs), such as beetles, aphids, bees, wasps, bedbugs and ladybirds – and arachnids, such as spiders and scorpions, which have four pairs of legs.
The caterpillars have a soft and colourful body, the centipedes have a hard articulated body (miriapods), while the worms (annelids) have a soft and ringed body and the slugs (molluscs) have a smooth and soft body, with antennae and characteristic shape. Finally, the worms have smooth, flat bodies.
Basically, insects die when in contact with soap. For some reason, their brains stop working. So, spraying plants with a soapy solution will already help eliminate many of them. But pay attention: so as not to reach your allies too, like ladybugs, which have two different forms during life.
To this solution of soap and water, you can add several ingredients, each with a purpose. Repel prevent and remedy: garlic, onion, pepper, cloves, cinnamon, rope smoke, coriander, rosemary and even mineral oil.
However, it is important to know that for citrus fruits, the use of mineral oil should be avoided, as it leaves residue in the leaves, impairing the absorption of light by the leaves
Another consideration is about the reproductive cycle of each one of these animals, because some of them, as the aphids, for example, are true reproductive bombs. With different reproduction strategies for different times of the year, changing reproductive forms, according to the sap of the plants and temperature changes.
So here’s a list with some tips:
- Neutral soap solution – 100 grams of coconut soap or neutral soap (oil-based), 2 litres of water and add essential oils, such as pepper or herbs, for each kind of animal;
- Lavender essential oil for scorpions;
- Onion juice beat in the blender and strained to scare away winged beings (those with wings) and caterpillars;
- Garlic peel tea to prevent viruses and fungi;
- Rosemary tea to repel infestations of beetles, fungi and bacteria;
- Chilli pepper tea as a repellent of caterpillars and aphids;
- Clove essential oil or alcoholic clove solution for use as a repellent;
- Vinegar with herbs such as thyme, rosemary and garlic to disinfect, clean and prevent infestations.